- Tirana; 367,000
- 28,748 square kilometers (11,100 square miles)
- Albanian, Greek
- Muslim, Albanian Orthodox, Roman Catholic
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $4,400
- Literacy Percent:
Albania Facts Flag
Albania lies along the Adriatic Sea in southeastern Europe. The narrow coastal plain rises to mountains that are almost 2,000 meters (6,500 feet) high, which cover most of the country. These mountains are rich in mineral resources such as chrome, iron, nickel, and copper; however, mining requires investment that Albania lacks. It is one of the poorest countries in Europe (and the only one with a Muslim majority). It suffered from more than 40 years of communist rule, which ended in 1991. War in neighboring Kosovo brought 480,000 ethnic Albanian refugees into Albania in 1999—straining the country's resources. The largely agricultural economy is growing thanks to remittances from Albanian workers abroad—mostly in Greece and Italy.
- Industry: Food processing, textiles and clothing; lumber, oil
- Agriculture: Wheat, corn, potatoes, vegetables; meat
- Exports: Textiles and footwear, asphalt, metals and metallic ores, crude oil
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
Why did Romans, Celts, and even prehistoric settlers submerge their personal belongings in a shallow river in Slovenia?
Wind your way through the villages, beaches, and mountains of Italy's most scenic stretch of coastline.
Travel to the top of the world in style with these picks from Adventure magazine.
2015 Traveler Photo Contest
Explore the submissions, share your favorites, and check back for the winning images.