Fast Facts

St. John's; 28,000
442 square kilometers (171 square miles)
English, local dialects
Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic
East Caribbean dollar
Life Expectancy:
GDP per Capita:
U.S. $11,000
Literacy Percent:
Flag: Artigua-Barbuda
Map: Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda, small islands in the eastern Caribbean, were colonized by the English in 1632. Sugar plantations ruled the economy, and African slaves were brought in as laborers. Independent of Britain since 1981, this three-island nation remains within the Commonwealth. Antigua, one of the first Caribbean islands to promote tourism—in the early 1960s—is the wealthiest. Barbuda seeks to balance resort development with protection of its varied wildlife. Tiny Redonda is uninhabited.


  • Industry: Tourism, construction, light manufacturing
  • Agriculture: Cotton, fruits, vegetables, bananas; livestock
  • Exports: Petroleum products, manufactures, machinery and transport equipment, food and live animals

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

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