- Yerevan; 1,079,000
- 29,743 square kilometers (11,484 square miles)
- Armenian, Russian
- Armenian Apostolic
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $3,600
- Literacy Percent:
Armenia Facts Flag
Smallest of the former Soviet republics, Armenia lies landlocked and earthquake ridden in rugged mountains. In A.D. 301, Armenia became the first Christian nation; today it is almost surrounded by Islamic nations. During World War I the Ottoman Turks brutally forced out Armenians, causing a diaspora to foreign havens. Armenia gained independence in 1918, but succumbed to a Red Army invasion in 1920. In 1988 a devastating earthquake killed 25,000 people, and conflict erupted with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh (a region of 140,000 ethnic Armenians). Armenia won independence in 1991; by 1994 Armenians had defeated Azeri forces and had control of Nagorno-Karabakh—but the dispute remains unresolved.
- Industry: Metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires
- Agriculture: Fruit (especially grapes), vegetables; livestock
- Exports: Diamonds, mineral products, foodstuffs, energy
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
See images submitted to My Shot of the people, landscapes, and cities that make the Middle East such a beautiful and historic region of the world.
A railroad through the southern Caucasus will soon connect Europe and Asia, fueling dreams and discord in the region.
See the cultural and architectural legacy of this Turkish sultan who shook the world of the 16th century as he raised the Ottoman Empire to the height of its glory.
Travel Photos From Your Shot
See Captivating Photos of Our Days' End—Submitted by Members of the Your Shot Community
Shop National Geographic
Special Ad Section
Watch as Nat Geo photographers reveal what drives them to create iconic images.