- Yerevan; 1,079,000
- 29,743 square kilometers (11,484 square miles)
- Armenian, Russian
- Armenian Apostolic
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $3,600
- Literacy Percent:
Armenia Facts Flag
Smallest of the former Soviet republics, Armenia lies landlocked and earthquake ridden in rugged mountains. In A.D. 301, Armenia became the first Christian nation; today it is almost surrounded by Islamic nations. During World War I the Ottoman Turks brutally forced out Armenians, causing a diaspora to foreign havens. Armenia gained independence in 1918, but succumbed to a Red Army invasion in 1920. In 1988 a devastating earthquake killed 25,000 people, and conflict erupted with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh (a region of 140,000 ethnic Armenians). Armenia won independence in 1991; by 1994 Armenians had defeated Azeri forces and had control of Nagorno-Karabakh—but the dispute remains unresolved.
- Industry: Metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires
- Agriculture: Fruit (especially grapes), vegetables; livestock
- Exports: Diamonds, mineral products, foodstuffs, energy
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
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