Fast Facts

Yerevan; 1,079,000
29,743 square kilometers (11,484 square miles)
Armenian, Russian
Armenian Apostolic
Life Expectancy:
GDP per Capita:
U.S. $3,600
Literacy Percent:
Flag: Armenia
Map: Armenia

Smallest of the former Soviet republics, Armenia lies landlocked and earthquake ridden in rugged mountains. In A.D. 301, Armenia became the first Christian nation; today it is almost surrounded by Islamic nations. During World War I the Ottoman Turks brutally forced out Armenians, causing a diaspora to foreign havens. Armenia gained independence in 1918, but succumbed to a Red Army invasion in 1920. In 1988 a devastating earthquake killed 25,000 people, and conflict erupted with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh (a region of 140,000 ethnic Armenians). Armenia won independence in 1991; by 1994 Armenians had defeated Azeri forces and had control of Nagorno-Karabakh—but the dispute remains unresolved.


  • Industry: Metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires
  • Agriculture: Fruit (especially grapes), vegetables; livestock
  • Exports: Diamonds, mineral products, foodstuffs, energy

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

Related Features

  • Photo: The Empty Quarter in Saudi Arabia

    Your Photos of the Middle East

    See images submitted to My Shot of the people, landscapes, and cities that make the Middle East such a beautiful and historic region of the world.

  • Photo: Roadside wall of abandoned license plates in Nagorno-Karabakh

    New Silk Road Photo Gallery

    A railroad through the southern Caucasus will soon connect Europe and Asia, fueling dreams and discord in the region.

  • <p>Photo: Suleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul</p>

    Suleyman the Magnificent

    See the cultural and architectural legacy of this Turkish sultan who shook the world of the 16th century as he raised the Ottoman Empire to the height of its glory.

Take a Nat Geo Trip

Select a destination or trip type to find a trip:

See All Trips »

2015 Traveler Photo Contest

  • Picture of a tree under night stars in Deadvlei, Namibia

    See the Winners

    Explore the top photos, share your favorites, and browse all entries.