- Manama; 139,000
- 717 square kilometers (277 square miles)
- Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
- Shiite and Sunni Muslim
- Bahraini dinar
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $15,100
- Literacy Percent:
Bahrain Facts Flag
Bahrain consists of 33 islands in the Persian Gulf (Arabian Gulf). The islands are mostly desert, and most of the population lives in or near Manama, the capital. Since the 1930s the oil industry has replaced pearl diving, and Bahrain has become a financial and communications hub. It is connected to Saudi Arabia by the 26-kilometer (16-mile) King Fahd Causeway. Since independence from Britain in 1971, there has been conflict between the ruling Sunni tribe and the Shiite majority. A new constitution in 2002 provided for an elected parliament and gave women the right to vote and stand as candidates.
- Industry: Petroleum processing and refining, aluminum smelting, offshore banking, ship repairing, tourism
- Agriculture: Fruit, vegetables; poultry; shrimp
- Exports: Petroleum and petroleum products, aluminum, textiles
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
Armed with cell phones, social media, and sometimes just sheer determination, youth from North Africa to the Middle East are struggling to take ownership of their future.
See images submitted to My Shot of the people, landscapes, and cities that make the Middle East such a beautiful and historic region of the world.
A glorious past inspires a conflicted nation. Learn how ancient Persia evolved into the modern Islamic Republic of Iran.
Travel Photos From Your Shot
See Switzerland Photos Submitted By Users Like You