- Belmopan; 9,000
- 22,965 square kilometers (8,867 square miles)
- English, Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna, Creole
- Roman Catholic, Protestant
- Belizean dollar
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $4,900
- Literacy Percent:
Belize Facts Flag
Belize lies along the Caribbean coast of Central America. The first British settlement came in 1638, and the United Kingdom relinquished its last colony on the mainland of the Americas in 1981. English is the official language, but Spanish is widely spoken. Peace and plentiful land attract refugees from troubled neighboring countries. Tourists flock to see Maya ruins like Altun Ha; wildlife such as jaguars, howler monkeys, and toucans; and the Western Hemisphere's longest coral reef.
- Industry: Garment production, food processing, tourism, construction
- Agriculture: Bananas, coca, citrus, sugar; fish; lumber
- Exports: Sugar, bananas, citrus, clothing, fish products
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
See our roundup of the best guided expeditions in Central and South America for 2011.
Central America's Mesoamerican Reef is half the length of its famous Australian counterpart but in many ways more remarkable.
A condor's-eye view reveals a colorful mosaic of volcanoes, tile roofs, and flamingos.
Travel Photos From Your Shot
View scenes of Canada's city life and countryside—all taken by our Nat Geo photo community.