- Sarajevo; 579,000
- 51,129 square kilometers (19,741 square miles)
- Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
- Muslim, Orthodox, Roman Catholic
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $1,900
- Literacy Percent:
Bosnia and Herzegovina Facts Flag
In mountainous southeastern Europe, Bosnia's Muslims, or Bosniacs, trace their ancestry to Christian Slavs who converted to Islam under the Ottomans for tax and landholding advantages. Yugoslavia recognized Bosniacs as a separate people in 1969. Muslim Slavs and Roman Catholic Croats voted in early 1992 for independence from Yugoslavia; most Eastern Orthodox Serbs were fiercely opposed. In the ensuing 1992-95 civil war, some 250,000 people died. The Dayton Peace Accord ended the war and partitioned the country into a Muslim-Croat region and a Serbian region (Serbian Republic). High unemployment and ethnic tensions continue to hamper the country.
- Industry: Steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, vehicle assembly
- Agriculture: Wheat, corn, fruits, vegetables; livestock
- Exports: Metals, clothing, wood products
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