- Bujumbura; 378,000
- 27,834 square kilometers (10,747 square miles)
- Kirundi, French, Swahili
- Roman Catholic, indigenous beliefs, Muslim, Protestant
- Burundi franc
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $500
- Literacy Percent:
Burundi Facts Flag
Small, poor, densely populated, and landlocked, Burundi lies just south of the Equator in central Africa. From the capital, Bujumbura, on Lake Tanganyika, a great escarpment rises to fertile highlands. Agriculture employs 90 percent of the people, with most being subsistence farmers. Since independence in 1962, Burundi has been plagued by ethnic conflict between the majority Hutus and the Tutsis, who tend to dominate the government and army—but are only 14 percent of the population. A 2003 cease-fire and new government offer hope for peace.
- Industry: Light consumer goods (blankets, shoes, soap), assembly of imported components
- Agriculture: Coffee, cotton, tea, corn; beef
- Exports: Coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
Our 18-year time line lists key events that have undermined conservation efforts in Africa’s oldest national park.
Along Africa's harsh frontier between desert and forest, crossing some lines can be fatal.
Whether you trace it to New York's South Bronx or the villages of West Africa, hip-hop has become the voice of a generation.
Travel Photos From Your Shot
See photos of World Heritage sites in Europe submitted to National Geographic by users like you.