Fast Facts

Bujumbura; 378,000
27,834 square kilometers (10,747 square miles)
Kirundi, French, Swahili
Roman Catholic, indigenous beliefs, Muslim, Protestant
Burundi franc
Life Expectancy:
GDP per Capita:
U.S. $500
Literacy Percent:
Flag: Burundi
Map: Burundi

Small, poor, densely populated, and landlocked, Burundi lies just south of the Equator in central Africa. From the capital, Bujumbura, on Lake Tanganyika, a great escarpment rises to fertile highlands. Agriculture employs 90 percent of the people, with most being subsistence farmers. Since independence in 1962, Burundi has been plagued by ethnic conflict between the majority Hutus and the Tutsis, who tend to dominate the government and army—but are only 14 percent of the population. A 2003 cease-fire and new government offer hope for peace.


  • Industry: Light consumer goods (blankets, shoes, soap), assembly of imported components
  • Agriculture: Coffee, cotton, tea, corn; beef
  • Exports: Coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

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