- N'Djamena; 797,000
- 1,284,000 square kilometers (495,755 square miles)
- French, Arabic, Sara, Sango, more than 120 different languages and dialects
- Muslim, Christian, animist
- CFA franc
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $1,000
- Literacy Percent:
Chad Facts Flag
A landlocked nation in north central Africa, Chad consists of fertile lowlands in the south but is arid in the center and largely desert in the north. Since independence from France in 1960, Chad has suffered instability stemming mostly from tension between the African-Christian south and the Arab-Muslim north and east. A border dispute with Libya over the Aozou Strip went to the United Nation's International Court of Justice for arbitration; in 1994 the court ruled in favor of Chad. One of Africa's poorest countries, the start of large-scale oil production in 2004 helps the economy.
- Industry: Oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer brewing, natron (sodium carbonate)
- Agriculture: Cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts; cattle
- Exports: Cotton, cattle, gum arabic
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
Get inspired with our Ultimate Adventure Bucket List, a collection of 40 trips that range from totally extreme to actually doable.
A refuge in Chad gives endangered central African elephants armed protection—and a fighting chance.
How a dinosaur hunter uncovered the Sahara's strangest Stone Age graveyard
2014 Traveler Photo Contest
Submit your best shots for a chance to be featured in our weekly galleries and to win a grand prize trip for two to Alaska.