- Djibouti; 502,000
- 23,200 square kilometers (8,958 square miles)
- French, Arabic, Somali, Afar
- Muslim, Christian
- Djiboutian franc
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $1,300
- Literacy Percent:
Djibouti Facts Flag
Gateway for Red Sea shipping, Djibouti lies in northeast Africa. A French territory until 1977, France's naval base and garrison generate about half of the country's income. The capital of this resource-poor nation profits as a regional banking center with a free port and modern air facilities. Terminus of the railway from Addis Ababa, it handles much of Ethiopia's trade. A civil war in the early 1990s ended with a power-sharing agreement between the two main ethnic groups, the Issa of Somali origin and the Afar of Ethiopian origin.
- Industry: Construction, agricultural processing
- Agriculture: Fruits, vegetables; goats
- Exports: Re-exports, hides and skins, coffee (in transit)
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
In Africa's Afar depression, pastoral tribes and salt traders survive amid a surreal landscape of fissures, faults, and a boiling lake of lava.
Mogadishu is ground zero for the failed state of Somalia. Yet to the north, Somaliland is stable and at peace. What happened?
Why is the Ethiopian wolf the rarest canid on the planet?
2015 Traveler Photo Contest
Do you have what it takes to win? Submit your best shots today and find out.