- T'bilisi; 1,064,000
- 69,700 square kilometers (26,911 square miles)
- Georgian, Russian, Armenian, Azeri
- Georgian Orthodox, Muslim, Russian Orthodox
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $3,200
- Literacy Percent:
Georgia Facts Flag
Georgia, on the Black Sea, is geographically in Asia—the mountains forming its northern border serve as the Europe-Asia boundary. Rich in farmland and minerals, rugged Georgia is wedged between the Caucasus Mountains and the Lesser Caucasus. Over the centuries it has been an object of rivalry between Persia, Turkey, and Russia, and was annexed by Russia in the 19th century.
After independence came in 1991, ethnic strife caused Georgia to lose control of South Ossetia in 1992 and Abkhazia in 1993. Both the Ossete and Abkhaz regions enjoyed autonomy during Soviet rule, and both allied with Russia to separate from Georgia. The UN works to resolve these separatist disputes.
- Industry: Steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining
- Agriculture: Citrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts; livestock
- Exports: Scrap metal, machinery, chemicals, fuel re-exports, citrus fruits, tea
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
See our roundup of the best guided expeditions in Europe for 2011.
A railroad through the southern Caucasus will soon connect Europe and Asia, fueling dreams and discord in the region.
A brilliant blur as it plucks a butterfly from the air, the European bee-eater leads a colorful life on three continents.
2015 Traveler Photo Contest
Explore the top photos, share your favorites, and browse all entries.