- T'bilisi; 1,064,000
- 69,700 square kilometers (26,911 square miles)
- Georgian, Russian, Armenian, Azeri
- Georgian Orthodox, Muslim, Russian Orthodox
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $3,200
- Literacy Percent:
Georgia Facts Flag
Georgia, on the Black Sea, is geographically in Asia—the mountains forming its northern border serve as the Europe-Asia boundary. Rich in farmland and minerals, rugged Georgia is wedged between the Caucasus Mountains and the Lesser Caucasus. Over the centuries it has been an object of rivalry between Persia, Turkey, and Russia, and was annexed by Russia in the 19th century.
After independence came in 1991, ethnic strife caused Georgia to lose control of South Ossetia in 1992 and Abkhazia in 1993. Both the Ossete and Abkhaz regions enjoyed autonomy during Soviet rule, and both allied with Russia to separate from Georgia. The UN works to resolve these separatist disputes.
- Industry: Steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining
- Agriculture: Citrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts; livestock
- Exports: Scrap metal, machinery, chemicals, fuel re-exports, citrus fruits, tea
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
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A railroad through the southern Caucasus will soon connect Europe and Asia, fueling dreams and discord in the region.
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See photos of World Heritage sites in Europe submitted to National Geographic by users like you.