- Bissau; 336,000
- 36,125 square kilometers (13,948 square miles)
- Portuguese, Crioulo, African languages
- Indigenous beliefs, Muslim, Christian
- CFA franc
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $700
- Literacy Percent:
Guinea-Bissau Facts Flag
Guinea-Bissau, on the Atlantic coast of West Africa, has a swampy coast, with forests changing to grasslands in the east. Guerrilla warfare liberated a mix of ethnic groups from Portuguese rule in 1974. In 1994 the country's first multiparty elections were held. An army uprising four years later led to a bloody 1998-99 civil war, which caused severe damage to the nation's infrastructure. Political instability continued with a military coup in 2003. Guinea-Bissau is among the world's least developed countries, with most people engaged in subsistence agriculture and fishing—cashew nuts are the main export crop.
- Industry: Agricultural products processing, beer, soft drinks
- Agriculture: Rice, corn, beans, cassava (tapioca); timber; fish
- Exports: Cashew nuts, shrimp, peanuts, palm kernels, sawn lumber
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
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