- Tarawa; 42,000
- 811 square kilometers (313 square miles)
- English, I-Kiribati
- Roman Catholic, Protestant
- Australian dollar
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $800
- Literacy Percent:
Kiribati Facts Flag
Scattered over five million square kilometers, the 33 islands were formerly the Gilberts of the British Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony. These mostly low-lying coral islands in the Pacific became the Republic of Kiribati in 1979. In addition to fishing and copra, the country relies on foreign financial aid, particularly from the U.K. and Japan. As its phosphate reserves diminish, the island has been forced to rely on a reserve trust. Income from citizens now working abroad augments the economy.
- Industry: Fishing, handicrafts
- Agriculture: Copra, taro, breadfruit, sweet potatoes; fish
- Exports: Copra, coconuts, seaweed, fish
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
Get facts, photos, and travel tips for Phoenix Islands, a World Heritage site in Kiribati.
How could a Neolithic people with simple canoes and no navigation gear colonize hundreds of far-flung islands scattered across the Pacific?
Scattered about the world's largest ocean, the legendary islands of the South Pacific are a wonder to travelers, full of beautiful sights and fascinating cultures.
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