- Bishkek; 806,000
- 199,900 square kilometers (77,182 square miles)
- Kyrgyz, Russian
- Muslim, Russian Orthodox
- Kyrgyzstani som
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $2,900
- Literacy Percent:
Kyrgyzstan Facts Flag
A rugged nation in Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan shares the snowcapped Tian Shan with China. Some 75 percent of the land is mountainous. In their mountain fastness, the nomadic Kyrgyz, a Turkic-speaking people with loose ties to Islam, bred horses, cattle, and yaks for centuries. The Kyrgyz came under tsarist Russian rule during the 19th century, and thousands of Slavic farmers migrated into the region. Kyrgyzstan gained independence in 1991. Kyrgyz make up two thirds of the population, and there are large Uzbek and Russian minorities. Raising livestock still remains the main agricultural activity today.
- Industry: Small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs
- Agriculture: Tobacco, cotton, potatoes, vegetables; sheep
- Exports: Cotton, wool, meat, tobacco, gold, mercury, uranium, natural gas
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
Awash in oil wealth, Siberia goes upscale.
See the results of our latest geotourism survey featuring 99 new destinations.
As prairies disappear, so does wildlife habitat. Short-term gains from growing crops and grazing cattle actually mean long-term losses of sustainability.
Travel Photos From Your Shot
See Captivating Photos of Our Days' End—Submitted by Members of the Your Shot Community
Shop National Geographic
Special Ad Section
Watch as Nat Geo photographers reveal what drives them to create iconic images.