- Monrovia; 572,000
- 111,370 square kilometers (43,000 square miles)
- English, 20 ethnic languages
- Indigenous beliefs, Christian, Muslim
- Liberian dollar
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $1,000
- Literacy Percent:
Liberia Facts Flag
Freed American slaves began settling on the West African coast in 1820. In 1847 Liberia was declared an independent republic—Africa's first—under a constitution modeled on that of the U.S. In 1989 civil war erupted, ending seven years later with the Abuja Peace Accords. In 1999 the government of Charles Taylor was accused of supporting rebels in Sierra Leone, and it fought a border war with Guinea in 2000. Taylor was forced into exile in 2003, and the new government—under the leadership of Africa's first elected female president in 2005, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf—works to rebuild the nation.
- Industry: Rubber processing, palm oil processing, timber, diamonds
- Agriculture: Rubber, coffee, cacao, rice; sheep; timber
- Exports: Rubber, timber, iron, diamonds, cacao
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
Whether you trace it to New York's South Bronx or the villages of West Africa, hip-hop has become the voice of a generation.
Whether drifting lazily in a canoe or rafting through violent rapids, every trip down southern Africa's Zambezi River is an adventure. Take a trip of your own with this gallery.
A boisterous metropolis glows with the promise of a better life, but doesn't always deliver.
Travel Photos From Your Shot
Browse Stunning Images of These Natural Marvels
Shop National Geographic
Special Ad Section
Watch as Nat Geo photographers reveal what drives them to create iconic images.