- Vilnius; 549,000
- 65,300 square kilometers (25,212 square miles)
- Lithuanian, Polish, Russian
- Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Russian Orthodox, Protestant
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $8,400
- Literacy Percent:
Lithuania Facts Flag
Lithuania is in northern Europe, on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea. The landscape consists of gently rolling plains and extensive forests. Beginning at about the same time as movements in the other Baltic republics of Estonia and Latvia, Lithuania quickly surged ahead. In March 1990 democratically elected representatives voted for independence, lost in 1940 with annexation by the Soviet Union. Lithuania, embracing market reform since independence, joined both the European Union and NATO in 2004.
- Industry: Metal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers
- Agriculture: Grain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax; beef; fish
- Exports: Mineral products, textiles and clothing, machinery and equipment, chemicals
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
The race is on to uncover the golden splendors of its Thracian past before sites are looted and developers move in.
See the results of our latest geotourism survey featuring 99 new destinations.
From intriguing ruins on the British Isles to towering Alpine palaces in full glory, these classic European structures are full of history and wonder.
Shop National Geographic