Fast Facts

Population:
457,000
Capital:
Luxembourg; 77,000
Area:
2,586 square kilometers (998 square miles)
Language:
Luxembourgish, German, French
Religion:
Roman Catholic
Currency:
Euro
Life Expectancy:
78
GDP per Capita:
U.S. $48,900
Literacy Percent:
100
Flag: Luxembourg
Map: Luxembourg

Luxembourg, a landlocked Western European country, has heavily forested hills in the north and open, rolling countryside in the south. It became a member of a customs union in 1948 that evolved into today's European Union. Although small in size, Luxembourg's central location, political stability, and multilingual population, along with tax incentives, have proved advantageous to it as a financial center. Foreign investment in light manufacturing and services has offset the decline in steel, once the nation's major industry.

ECONOMY

  • Industry: Banking, iron and steel, food processing, chemicals
  • Agriculture: Barley, oats, potatoes, wheat; livestock products
  • Exports: Machinery and equipment, steel products, chemicals, rubber products, glass

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

Related Features

  • Illustration: Map of Central Europe

    The Big Trip: Central Europe

    Central Europe's new backcountry cycling routes show off the Old World's wild side.

  • Photo: Bee eaters

    Painting the Sky

    A brilliant blur as it plucks a butterfly from the air, the European bee-eater leads a colorful life on three continents.

  • Photo: Castle on the Black Sea

    Castles

    From intriguing ruins on the British Isles to towering Alpine palaces in full glory, these classic European structures are full of history and wonder.

Take a Nat Geo Trip

Select a destination or trip type to find a trip:

See All Trips »

2014 Traveler Photo Contest

  • Picture of a scuba diver at Green Lake in Austria.

    See All Entries

    Browse all the submissions and check back for the winning images.