Fast Facts

Skopje; 447,000
25,713 square kilometers (9,928 square miles)
Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish
Macedonian Orthodox, Muslim
Macedonian denar
Life Expectancy:
GDP per Capita:
U.S. $5,100
Literacy Percent:
Flag: Macedonia
Map: Macedonia

The landlocked and mostly mountainous country of Macedonia, in southeastern Europe, proclaimed independence from Yugoslavia in September 1991. The UN officially calls the country "The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"—due to Greece's fear that use of "Macedonia" might imply territorial ambitions toward the Greek region of Macedonia. The democratic government faced a 2001 rebellion launched by ethnic Albanians, who make up 25 percent of the population. Negotiations led to laws making Albanian an official language and providing other minority rights.


  • Industry: Coal, metallic chromium, lead, zinc, ferronickel, textiles
  • Agriculture: Rice, tobacco, wheat, corn; beef
  • Exports: Food, beverages, tobacco; miscellaneous manufactures, iron and steel

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

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