- Valletta; 83,000
- 316 square kilometers (122 square miles)
- Maltese, English
- Roman Catholic
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $17,200
- Literacy Percent:
Malta Facts Flag
Malta's position in the Mediterranean, midway between Europe and Africa, has made it a strategic prize. Here, in the 16th century, the Knights of St. John repelled 30,000 soldiers of Süleyman the Magnificent's Ottoman Empire. It withstood Axis bombs during World War II. In 1964, after almost 150 years as a British colony, the Maltese islands won independence. Tourism is the cornerstone of the nation's economy, and it joined the EU in 2004.
- Industry: Tourism, electronics, ship building and repair
- Agriculture: Potatoes, cauliflower, grapes, wheat; pork
- Exports: Machinery and transport equipment, manufactures
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
Subscribe to Nat Geo Traveler
Available in print and for iPad®! See destinations come alive with 360-degree photos, videos, and more!