Fast Facts

Monaco; 34,000
2 square kilometers (1 square miles)
French, English, Italian, Monegasque
Roman Catholic
Life Expectancy:
GDP per Capita:
U.S. $27,000
Literacy Percent:
Flag: Monaco
Map: Monaco

Monaco occupies a mostly rocky strip of land on France's Mediterranean coast. An unparalleled luxury resort since the mid-19th century, Monaco has a reputation that belies its size. Millions come to Monaco each year for the beachfront hotels, the yacht harbor, the Opera House, and the famous Monte Carlo Casino. Wealthy residents benefit from no income tax. The House of Grimaldi has ruled since 1297, except between 1793 and 1814—Prince Albert is the current monarch. Tourism and gambling drive the economy, and it is also a major banking center.


  • Industry: Tourism, banking, construction, small-scale industrial and consumer products
  • Agriculture: NA
  • Exports: NA

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

Related Features

  • <p>Photo: Boats in a port</p>

    Photo Gallery: Southern France

    Travel to the shores and streets of France's beautiful south.

  • Photo: Italy's Amalfi Coast

    Amalfi Coast Drive

    Wind your way through the villages, beaches, and mountains of Italy's most scenic stretch of coastline.

  • <p>Photo: Poppies dancing in the wind</p>

    Provence, France Photo Gallery

    Like one of Cézzane's impressionist paintings stirred to life by summer winds, Provence is a place where even the simplest of landscapes can turn suddenly sublime.

Take a Nat Geo Trip

Select a destination or trip type to find a trip:

See All Trips »

2016 National Geographic Travel Photographer of the Year Contest

  • Picture of a volcano on Reunion Island

    Who Will Win?

    Browse photos of nature, cities, and people and share your favorite photos.

Take a Nat Geo Trip

Select a destination or trip type to find a trip:

See All Trips »

Get Social With Nat Geo Travel