Fast Facts

Population:
33,000
Capital:
Monaco; 34,000
Area:
2 square kilometers (1 square miles)
Language:
French, English, Italian, Monegasque
Religion:
Roman Catholic
Currency:
Euro
Life Expectancy:
79
GDP per Capita:
U.S. $27,000
Literacy Percent:
99
Flag: Monaco
Map: Monaco

Monaco occupies a mostly rocky strip of land on France's Mediterranean coast. An unparalleled luxury resort since the mid-19th century, Monaco has a reputation that belies its size. Millions come to Monaco each year for the beachfront hotels, the yacht harbor, the Opera House, and the famous Monte Carlo Casino. Wealthy residents benefit from no income tax. The House of Grimaldi has ruled since 1297, except between 1793 and 1814—Prince Albert is the current monarch. Tourism and gambling drive the economy, and it is also a major banking center.

ECONOMY

  • Industry: Tourism, banking, construction, small-scale industrial and consumer products
  • Agriculture: NA
  • Exports: NA

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

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