- Ulaanbaatar; 812,000
- 1,564,116 square kilometers (603,909 square miles)
- Khalkha Mongol, Turkic, Russian
- Tibetan Buddhist, Lamaism
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $1,900
- Literacy Percent:
Mongolia Facts Flag
Mongolia is a large landlocked country between two larger countries—Russia and China. Located on mountains and plateaus, it is one of the world's highest countries, with an average elevation of 1,580 meters (5,180 feet). Mongolia suffers temperature extremes, and southern Mongolia is dominated by the Gobi desert. Genghis Khan's Mongol horsemen conquered much of Asia and Europe during the 13th century. Mongolia became a communist country in 1924, but in 1990 multiparty elections were held. Poverty is a major concern, but copper, cashmere, and gold exports help the economy.
- Industry: Construction materials, mining, oil, food and beverages, processing of animal products
- Agriculture: Wheat, barley, potatoes, forage crops; sheep
- Exports: Copper, gold, livestock, animal products, cashmere, wool, hides
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
It's time to start planning your adventures for 2012. Here are Traveler magazine's 20 best places in the world to visit, including Mongolia.
The horse is still important to the semi-nomadic way of life on the steppes of Mongolia.
An influx of nomads has turned the Mongolian capital upside down.
Travel Photos From Your Shot
View scenes of Canada's city life and countryside—all taken by our Nat Geo photo community.