- Windhoek; 237,000
- 824,292 square kilometers (318,261 square miles)
- English, Afrikaans, German, indigenous languages
- Christian, indigenous beliefs
- Namibian dollar, South African rand
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $6,900
- Literacy Percent:
Namibia Facts Flag
Namibia is a large and sparsely populated country on Africa's southwest coast. The low population can be attributed to the country's harsh geography—the coastal Namib Desert, central semiarid mountains, and Kalahari Desert east of the mountains. About 87 percent of the residents are black, and 6 percent are white. During World War I, South Africa captured the area from Germany—ethnic Germans are still a sizable minority. Independence from South Africa was achieved in 1990. The multiparty, multiracial democracy inherits an economy based on mining (mostly diamonds), sheep and cattle ranching, and fishing.
- Industry: Meatpacking, fish processing, dairy products, mining (diamonds, lead, zinc)
- Agriculture: Millet, sorghum, peanuts; livestock; fish
- Exports: Diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
In 1990 the new nation of Namibia wrote wilderness protection into its constitution. Today nearly half of its land is set aside.
Beyond the game drive, here are new ways to experience the classic trip.
The desert landscape of Namibia comes alive in these photos of zebras, giraffes, oryx and more.
Subscribe to Nat Geo Traveler
Available in print and for iPad®! See destinations come alive with 360-degree photos, videos, and more!