Fast Facts

Yaren; 670
21 square kilometers (8 square miles)
Nauruan, English
Protestant, Roman Catholic
Australian dollar
Life Expectancy:
GDP per Capita:
U.S. $5,000
Literacy Percent:
Flag: Nauru
Map: Nauru

Nauru is a small, oval-shaped island in the western Pacific. The interior phosphate plateau, comprising 60 percent of the land area, has been extensively mined, leaving a jagged and pitted landscape. Germany annexed Nauru in 1888, and Australia took it over in 1914. After World War II it was a joint trust territory of Australia, Britain, and New Zealand until it became independent in 1968. Phosphate exports earned economic stability for the country, but deposits could run out by 2005.


  • Industry: Phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products
  • Agriculture: Coconuts
  • Exports: Phosphates

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

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