- Managua; 1,098, 000
- 130,000 square kilometers (50,193 square miles)
- Spanish, English, indigenous languages
- Roman Catholic, Protestant
- Gold cordoba
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $2,200
- Literacy Percent:
Nicaragua Facts Flag
Natural disasters and the consequences of civil war have beset this largest Central American country. Volcanoes and earthquakes along the Pacific coast are a constant threat, and hurricanes hit the low-lying Caribbean coast. With the Sandinista's overthrow of Anastasio Somoza in 1979, ending his family's 42-year dictatorship, Nicaragua came under the control of a junta. Eight years of civil war between the Sandinista regime and the U.S.-funded rebels (contras) ended in 1988. Peace brought democracy, but poverty and corruption are major problems.
- Industry: Food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, textiles
- Agriculture: Coffee, bananas, sugarcane, cotton; beef, veal
- Exports: Coffee, shrimp and lobster, cotton, tobacco, bananas
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
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