- Managua; 1,098, 000
- 130,000 square kilometers (50,193 square miles)
- Spanish, English, indigenous languages
- Roman Catholic, Protestant
- Gold cordoba
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $2,200
- Literacy Percent:
Nicaragua Facts Flag
Natural disasters and the consequences of civil war have beset this largest Central American country. Volcanoes and earthquakes along the Pacific coast are a constant threat, and hurricanes hit the low-lying Caribbean coast. With the Sandinista's overthrow of Anastasio Somoza in 1979, ending his family's 42-year dictatorship, Nicaragua came under the control of a junta. Eight years of civil war between the Sandinista regime and the U.S.-funded rebels (contras) ended in 1988. Peace brought democracy, but poverty and corruption are major problems.
- Industry: Food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, textiles
- Agriculture: Coffee, bananas, sugarcane, cotton; beef, veal
- Exports: Coffee, shrimp and lobster, cotton, tobacco, bananas
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
Hike, bike, and paddle Nicaragua.
If forward-looking conservationists prevail, this wanderer of Central America will live on.
Check out the dazzling array of wildlife that live in Earth's tropical rain forests, from squawking scarlet macaws in the Amazon to peering red-eyed tree frogs in Panama.
Travel Photos From Your Shot
View scenes of Canada's city life and countryside—all taken by our Nat Geo photo community.