- Niamey; 890,000
- 1,267,000 square kilometers (489,191 square miles)
- French, Hausa, Djerma
- Muslim, indigenous beliefs, Christian
- CFA franc
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $800
- Literacy Percent:
Niger Facts Flag
Landlocked in the west of Africa, Niger uses the Niger River as a link to the distant sea. Most people live in the southern savanna region; the north is consumed by the Sahara. This crossroads of ancient trading empires became a French colony in 1922 and gained independence in 1960. Military coups and governments occurred between 1974 and 1999—free elections in 1999 restored democracy. Economic problems have been exacerbated by falling world demand for uranium, the country's most valuable resource. At the mercy of drought and desertification, Niger relies on foreign aid.
- Industry: Uranium mining, cement, brick, textiles
- Agriculture: Cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet; cattle
- Exports: Uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, onions
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
Ruggedly independent, the Tuareg struggle to survive amid the turmoil of North Africa.
Get inspired with our Ultimate Adventure Bucket List, a collection of 40 trips that range from totally extreme to actually doable.
How a dinosaur hunter uncovered the Sahara's strangest Stone Age graveyard
2015 Traveler Photo Contest
Explore the submissions, share your favorites, and check back for the winning images.