- Port Moresby; 275,000
- 462,840 square kilometers (178,703 square miles)
- 715 indigenous languages
- Protestant, indigenous beliefs, Roman Catholic
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $2,100
- Literacy Percent:
Papua New Guinea Facts Flag
Papua New Guinea, an island country in the western Pacific, gained independence from Australia in 1975. An abundance of minerals and petroleum brightens the outlook for this tropical nation, comprising eastern New Guinea and many small islands—including Bougainville and the Bismarck Archipelago. A patchwork of mountains, jungles, and swamplands, the country is home to some 700 Papuan and Melanesian tribes, each with its own language. Most of the inhabitants are subsistence farmers, although some grow cash crops.
- Industry: Copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production
- Agriculture: Coffee, cacao, coconuts, palm kernels; poultry
- Exports: Oil, gold, copper ore, logs
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
See our roundup of the best guided expeditions in Pacific Islands and Oceania for 2011.
2014 Traveler Photo Contest
See all the winning images from the 2014 Traveler Photo Contest.