- Basseterre; 13,000
- 269 square kilometers (104 square miles)
- Anglican, other Protestant
- East Caribbean dollar
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $8,800
- Literacy Percent:
Saint Kitts and Nevis Facts Flag
Once known as the Gibraltar of the West Indies, the massive 17th-century fortress atop Brimstone Hill on St. Kitts recalls colonial occupation. Independent of Britain since 1983, the nation is diversifying the economy away from sugar towards tourism, banking, and light manufacturing. The twin islands are both volcanic with sandy beaches and a warm, wet climate. The island of Nevis (population 7,000) has been pursuing the constitutional process of secession since 1996.
- Industry: Sugar processing, tourism, cotton, salt
- Agriculture: Sugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables; fish
- Exports: Machinery, food, electronics, beverages, tobacco
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
Travel to the welcoming shores and streets of the islands of the Caribbean Sea, home to a mixture of native, European, African, and Asian cultures.
Find an amazing beach retreat with this list of the top destinations for environmentally conscious travelers.
Immerse yourself in the lush landscape of tropical rain forests in this gallery full of arching rainbows, winding rivers, ancient trees, and misty mornings from around the world.
Shop National Geographic