Fast Facts

Population:
163,000
Capital:
Castries; 14,000
Area:
616 square kilometers (238 square miles)
Language:
English, French patois
Religion:
Roman Catholic, Protestant
Currency:
East Caribbean dollar
Life Expectancy:
72
GDP per Capita:
U.S. $5,400
Literacy Percent:
67
Flag: St. Lucia
Map: St. Lucia

Saint Lucia, a tropical island in the eastern Caribbean Sea, gained independence from Britain in 1979. Tropical forests cloak a mountainous interior flanked by twin volcanic peaks, known as pitons. Oil transshipment via a U.S.-built terminal and the export of manufactured goods supplement agriculture and tourism. The government is challenged by unemployment and drug-related crime.

ECONOMY

  • Industry: Clothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes
  • Agriculture: Bananas, coconuts, vegetables, citrus
  • Exports: Bananas, clothing, cacao, vegetables

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

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