- São Tomé; 54,000
- 1,001 square kilometers (386 square miles)
- Roman Catholic, Evangelical, Protestant, Seventh-Day Adventist
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $1,200
- Literacy Percent:
Sao Tome and Principe Flag
In the 15th century, Portuguese navigators discovered these two volcanic islands off the coast of West Africa in the Gulf of Guinea. São Tomé is the larger island with about 90 percent of the population. Africa's smallest nation gained independence in 1975. In 1991 the formerly Marxist government made a complete transition to democracy. The new leaders have moved to liberalize the economy and reduce dependence on plantation crops. New offshore oil discoveries could translate into substantial oil revenue in the near future.
- Industry: Light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber
- Agriculture: Cacao, coconuts, palm kernels, copra; poultry; fish
- Exports: Cacao, copra, coffee, palm oil
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
For New Guinea's birds of paradise, attracting a mate is a performing art.
Find an amazing beach retreat with this list of the top destinations for environmentally conscious travelers.
A traveler's most important decision is not always where to go but who to go with.
Travel Photos From Your Shot
View scenes of Canada's city life and countryside—all taken by our Nat Geo photo community.