- Bratislava; 425,000
- 49,035 square kilometers (18,932 square miles)
- Slovak, Hungarian
- Roman Catholic, athiest, Protestant
- Slovak koruna
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $12,400
- Literacy Percent:
Slovakia Facts Flag
A landlocked country in central Europe, Slovakia is mostly mountainous except for southern lowlands along the Danube—where the capital, Bratislava, is found. This country's split from the more affluent, industrialized Czech Republic in 1993 was prompted by Slovak nationalism and grievances over rapid economic reforms instituted by the Czechoslovak government in Prague—reforms that left many Slovaks without jobs. Slovakia's industrial economy is market oriented. It joined NATO and the European Union in 2004.
- Industry: Metal and metal products, food and beverages, electricity, gas
- Agriculture: Grains, potatoes, sugar beets, hops; pigs; forest products
- Exports: Machinery and transport equipment, miscellaneous manufactured goods
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
See our roundup of the best guided expeditions in Europe for 2011.
From intriguing ruins on the British Isles to towering Alpine palaces in full glory, these classic European structures are full of history and wonder.
Why did Romans, Celts, and even prehistoric settlers submerge their personal belongings in a shallow river in Slovenia?
2015 Traveler Photo Contest
Explore the top photos, share your favorites, and browse all entries.