- Honiara; 56,000
- 28,370 square kilometers (10,954 square miles)
- Melanesian pidgin, 120 indigenous languages, English
- Protestant, Roman Catholic, indigenous beliefs
- Solomon Islands dollar
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $1,700
- Literacy Percent:
Solomon Islands Facts Flag
Northeast of Australia in the South Pacific, the Solomon Islands chain consists of six main islands that are volcanic, mountainous, and forested—Guadalcanal is the most populous island. A strategic battleground during World War II, the islands gained independence from Britain in 1978. About 85 percent of the islanders are Melanesians, who speak some 92 indigenous languages. Ethnic tension between natives of Guadalcanal and settlers from nearby Malaita island escalated into armed conflict from 1998 until 2003, when an Australian-led peacekeeping force restored order.
- Industry: Fish (tuna), mining, timber
- Agriculture: Cacao, coconuts, palm kernels, rice; cattle; timber; fish
- Exports: Timber, fish, copra, palm oil
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
See How the Phoenix Islands Have Bounced Back From a Rare Bleaching Disaster
Scattered about the world's largest ocean, the legendary islands of the South Pacific are a wonder to travelers, full of beautiful sights and fascinating cultures.
The island nation embraces both age-old tradition and modern values. Now democracy is astir in the South Pacific's last monarchy.
2016 National Geographic Travel Photographer of the Year Contest
Browse photos of nature, cities, and people and share your favorite photos.