Fast Facts

Mbabane (administrative); 70,000—Lobamba (legislative and royal); 4,400
17,363 square kilometers (6,704 square miles)
English, siSwati
Indigenous beliefs, Roman Catholic, Muslim
Life Expectancy:
GDP per Capita:
U.S. $4,800
Literacy Percent:
Flag: Swaziland
Map: Swaziland

Swaziland, consisting mostly of high plateaus and mountains, is in southern Africa. In 1949 the British government rejected a South African request for control of this small, landlocked nation. Independence was granted in 1968. The death of King Sobhuza in 1982 led to the coronation of 18-year-old King Mswati III in 1986. The king is an absolute monarch with supreme executive, legislative, and judicial powers. Nearly 60 percent of Swazi territory is held by the crown.


  • Industry: Mining (coal), wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates
  • Agriculture: Sugarcane, cotton, corn, tobacco; cattle
  • Exports: Soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, cotton yarn

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

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