- Nuku'alofa; 35,000
- 748 square kilometers (289 square miles)
- Tongan, English
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $2,200
- Literacy Percent:
Tonga Facts Flag
The ruler of this last remaining Polynesian kingdom in the South Pacific traces his lineage back a thousand years. The mutiny on the British ship Bounty occurred in Tongan waters in 1789. The 170 islands and islets—36 of them inhabited—were under the protection of Great Britain for 70 years, until independence came in 1970. The economy relies heavily on agriculture, with tourism and light industry becoming increasingly important.
- Industry: Tourism, fishing
- Agriculture: Squash, coconuts, copra, bananas; fish
- Exports: Squash, fish, vanilla beans, root crops
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
See How the Phoenix Islands Have Bounced Back From a Rare Bleaching Disaster
How could a Neolithic people with simple canoes and no navigation gear colonize hundreds of far-flung islands scattered across the Pacific?
The island nation embraces both age-old tradition and modern values. Now democracy is astir in the South Pacific's last monarchy.