- Abu Dhabi; 630,000
- 77,700 square kilometers (30,000 square miles)
- Arabic, Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
- Sunni and Shiite Muslim, Christian, Hindu
- Emirati dirham
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita:
- U.S. $22,100
- Literacy Percent:
United Arab Emirates Facts Flag
Seven sheikhdoms on the Arabian Peninsula combined to form a federation after Britain pulled out of this barren coastal region in 1971. The United Arab Emirates comprises Abu Dhabi, seat of the federal government and the oil capital; Dubayy (Dubai), the main port and commercial industrial hub; Ajman; Umm al Qaywayn; Ras al Khaymah; Al Fujayrah; and Sharjah. Oil, discovered in 1958, is the major income earner. Oil wealth brought foreign workers, who now make up about three-quarters of the population. A favorite destination for tourists, the country has a liberal attitude toward other cultures and beliefs.
- Industry: Petroleum, fishing, petrochemicals, construction materials
- Agriculture: Dates, vegetables, watermelons; poultry; fish
- Exports: Crude oil, natural gas, reexports, dried fish, dates
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
See images submitted to My Shot of the people, landscapes, and cities that make the Middle East such a beautiful and historic region of the world.
Historically practiced by the Bedouin, falconry is now a popular pastime in Abu Dhabi. Even today behind almost every camel stable and desert retreat is an aviary of saker falcons.
See pictures of the capital city of Abu Dhabi in this travel photo gallery from National Geographic.
Subscribe to Nat Geo Traveler
Available in print and for iPad®! See destinations come alive with 360-degree photos, videos, and more!