Fast Facts

Boise; 189,847
83,570 square miles (216,446 square kilometers)
Per Capita Income:
U.S. $25,042
Date Statehood Achieved:
July 3, 1890
Illustration: Idaho Flag

Mountains dominate Idaho, whose irrigated valleys yield more than one-third of the nation's potatoes. The Snake River alone waters a million hectares of farmland. Cascading through Hells Canyon, at 2,408 meters (7,900 feet) the deepest river gorge in the lower 48, the Snake also powers hydroelectric turbines. Second in silver mining, Idaho taps more antimony than any other state. Visitors pour into Sun Valley resort and to Craters of the Moon National Monument, a scene of cindery desolation.


  • Industry: Electronics and computer equipment, tourism, food processing, forest products, mining, chemicals
  • Agriculture: Potatoes, dairy products, cattle, wheat, alfalfa hay, sugar beets, barley, trout

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

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