Fast Facts

Des Moines; 198,076
56,272 square miles (145,743 square kilometers)
Per Capita Income:
U.S. $28,141
Date Statehood Achieved:
December 28, 1846
Illustration: Iowa Flag

Bracketed by the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, the territory that became Iowa was part of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. Today 92 percent of this heartland state, blessed with fine prairie soil, is under cultivation. Farm income suffered during most of the 1980s, forcing many Iowa farmers out of business. Yet in 2002 the state still led the nation in corn and soybean production and hogs.


  • Industry: Real estate, health services, industrial machinery, food processing, construction
  • Agriculture: Hogs, corn, soybeans, oats, cattle, dairy products

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

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