Fast Facts

Baton Rouge; 225,702
51,840 square miles (134,264 square kilometers)
Per Capita Income:
U.S. $25,370
Date Statehood Achieved:
April 30, 1812
Illustration: Louisiana Flag

Louisiana ranks fourth in the U.S. in crude-oil production and second in natural gas. Louisiana also ranks second nationally in crude-oil refining capacity. Petrochemical plants line the Mississippi River from New Orleans—the country's busiest port—to Baton Rouge, and the production of chemicals is the state's leading manufacturing activity. Tourism is the second most important industry. Vibrant New Orleans preserves its Creole heritage in the architecture and foods of the French Quarter. Lafayette, the heart of Cajun country, is home to descendants of the Acadians who were expelled from Canada in the mid-18th century.


  • Industry: Chemicals, petroleum products, food processing, health services, tourism, oil and natural gas extraction, paper products
  • Agriculture: Forest products, poultry, marine fisheries, sugarcane, rice, dairy products, cotton, cattle, aquaculture

Related Features

  • Picture of a waiter at Café Reconcile, New Orleans

    Food Lovers' New Orleans

    Get a taste of a culinary city that's got history and flavor to spare.

  • Picture of staffers at Napoleon House restaurant, New Orleans, Louisiana

    Best Trips of 2014

    National Geographic Traveler presents the New Year's must-see places. From Argentina to Oz, this list reflects what’s authentic, culturally rich, sustainable-minded, and of course superlative in the world of travel today.

  • Photo: Horse-drawn carriage in residential neighborhood

    Family Trip: New Orleans

    Explore New Orleans' old French Quarter and historic plantations down at the Bayou.

Take a Nat Geo Trip

Select a destination or trip type to find a trip:

See All Trips »

Join Nat Geo Travel's Communities

2014 Traveler Photo Contest

  • Picture of a supercell storm in Colorado.

    See the Winners

    See all the winning images from the 2014 Traveler Photo Contest.