- Helena; 26,353
- 147,042 square miles (380,838 square kilometers)
- Per Capita Income:
- U.S. $24,906
- Date Statehood Achieved:
- November 8, 1889
Only Texas has more land devoted to agriculture than Montana, which celebrated its statehood centennial in 1989. In the Rocky Mountains—scene of a gold rush before statehood—mining of copper, gold, and silver is still profitable. Montana has 50 billion tons of strippable coal, one-third of the nation's reserve, but strip-mining arouses opposition from ranchers and environmentalists. Some 16 million acres of national forest land bristle with fir and pine trees in Big Sky Country. Conservationists press for stricter logging limits.
- Industry: Forest products, food processing, mining, construction, tourism
- Agriculture: Wheat, cattle, barley, hay, sugar beets, dairy products
—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition
Today Lewis and Clark wouldn’t recognize most of their route from St. Louis to the Pacific. But there’s one place they’d know in a heartbeat: a 149-mile stretch of the Missouri River in north-central Montana.
Harsh isolation didn't deter homesteaders from making a life along northern Montana's Hi-Line. Their tight-knit descendants show no less resolve.
Travel Photos From Your Shot
See photos of World Heritage sites in Europe submitted to National Geographic by users like you.