Fast Facts

Population:
8,638,396
Capital:
Trenton; 85,650
Area:
8,721 square miles (22,588 square kilometers)
Per Capita Income:
U.S. $39,567
Date Statehood Achieved:
December 18, 1787
Illustration: New Jersey Flag

Wedged between Philadelphia and New York City, New Jersey has long been a distributor of goods and a giant of industry. The state ranks first in production of pharmaceuticals, which account for 12 percent of all jobs. Along a narrow strip—part of the megalopolis stretching from Boston to Washington, D.C.—population density far exceeds that of India, yet 57 percent of the state remains forested or in farms. In million-acre Pinelands National Reserve, a model of pragmatic environmental management, development is diverted from the most fragile areas. Ocean resorts from Cape May to Asbury Park were fashionable by the late 19th century. Today some $300 million in taxes collected from Atlantic City casinos are used to benefit the state's elderly and handicapped.

ECONOMY

  • Industry: Chemicals, printing and publishing, food processing, machinery, electronics
  • Agriculture: Nursery stock, vegetables, grain and hay, fruits and berries, dairy products

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