Fast Facts

Santa Fe; 65,127
121,590 square miles (314,915 square kilometers)
Per Capita Income:
U.S. $23,908
Date Statehood Achieved:
January 6, 1912
Illustration: New Mexico Flag

Diverse cultures—Indian, Spanish, and Mexican—have shaped New Mexico, which ranks fifth in area but 36th in population. Most New Mexicans, nearly half of whom are Hispanic, live along the Rio Grande, many in the Albuquerque area. Income from copper and potash supplements earnings from crude oil and natural gas. The boom in weapons and energy-related research brought scientists to Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories. Santa Fe, seat of government since 1610 when it was a dusty Spanish outpost, beckons artists, writers, and tourists.


  • Industry: Electronic equipment, state and local government, real estate, business services, federal government, oil and gas extraction, health services
  • Agriculture: Cattle, dairy products, hay, chilies, onions

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

Related Features

Take a Nat Geo Trip

Select a destination or trip type to find a trip:

See All Trips »

Join Nat Geo Travel's Communities

2015 Traveler Photo Contest

  • Picture of a tree under night stars in Deadvlei, Namibia

    See the Winners

    Explore the top photos, share your favorites, and browse all entries.