Fast Facts

Oklahoma City; 519,034
69,898 square miles (181,036 square kilometers)
Per Capita Income:
U.S. $25,136
Date Statehood Achieved:
November 16, 1907
Illustration: Oklahoma Flag

Descendants of more than 60 tribes make Oklahoma second only to California in Indian population. In the early 1800s the region was established as Indian Territory, a vast reserve for displaced Native Americans. The eastern Indian Territory remained separate until 1906. Eventually land-hungry farmers swallowed up Indian Territory, and Oklahoma was born in 1907. This state of "soil, oil, and toil" has weathered hard times. The droughts and dust storms of the Depression years forced Okies westward in desperate search of work. The state's economy has been broadly diversified from its traditional oil and agriculture base. Natural gas production, machinery manufacturing, and food processing are among the leading industries.


  • Industry: Natural gas production, manufacturing, services, food processing
  • Agriculture: Cattle, wheat, hogs, poultry, nursery stock

Related Features

  • Cains Ballroom Dancing hall.

    Tulsa: Tailor-Made for Music Lovers

    With an art deco skyline of gargoyles and spires, Tulsa, Oklahoma, has long been rich in the arts. Discover what makes this sleepy city a draw for music fans.

  • Photo: A woman carrying a large catfish

    Okie Noodling Tournament Photos

    In what may be the country’s most unusual fishing tournament, contestants use their bare hands to wrestle catfish from their holes in Oklahoma’s rivers and lakes.

  • 350048.jpg

    State Fairs

    Join Garrison Keillor at state fairs around the country. Be hypnotized! Gawk at cows! Indulge in fried Coca-Cola!

Take a Nat Geo Trip

Select a destination or trip type to find a trip:

See All Trips »

Join Nat Geo Travel's Communities

2016 National Geographic Travel Photographer of the Year Contest

  • Picture of a volcano on Reunion Island

    Who Will Win?

    Browse photos of nature, cities, and people and share your favorite photos.

Take a Nat Geo Trip

Select a destination or trip type to find a trip:

See All Trips »

Get Social With Nat Geo Travel