- Salem; 140,977
- 98,981 square miles (254,805 square kilometers)
- Per Capita Income:
- U.S. $28,533
- Date Statehood Achieved:
- February 14, 1859
The end of the road for wagon trains bound westward over the Oregon Trail, the Pacific Northwest became more accessible after completion of a transcontinental railroad line to Portland in 1883. Today its location on the Pacific Rim is one of Oregon's greatest assets: Most of its international trade is with Asia, and Portland serves as a large distribution center for Japanese autos.
Hydroelectricity generated on the Columbia River has powered industry since World War II. Forests cover half the state, and the lumber and wood-products industries bring in some $3.3 billion annually. Fruits and vegetables grow in the Willamette Valley, and wheat grows east of the Cascades. Natural resources are managed carefully, and Oregon's land-use and recycling laws set standards for the nation.
- Industry: Real estate, retail and wholesale trade, electronic equipment, health services, construction, forest products, business services
- Agriculture: Nursery stock, hay, cattle, grass seed, wheat, dairy products, potatoes
Get inspired with our Ultimate Adventure Bucket List, a collection of 40 trips that range from totally extreme to actually doable.
Step back in time as the volcanic landscape of central Oregon's desert plains conjure up prehistoric visions.
Go multisporting in Columbia Gorge, Oregon.
Travel Photos From Your Shot
Browse Stunning Images of These Natural Marvels
Special Ad Section
Watch as Nat Geo photographers reveal what drives them to create iconic images.