Fast Facts

Salem; 140,977
98,981 square miles (254,805 square kilometers)
Per Capita Income:
U.S. $28,533
Date Statehood Achieved:
February 14, 1859
Illustration: Oregon Flag

The end of the road for wagon trains bound westward over the Oregon Trail, the Pacific Northwest became more accessible after completion of a transcontinental railroad line to Portland in 1883. Today its location on the Pacific Rim is one of Oregon's greatest assets: Most of its international trade is with Asia, and Portland serves as a large distribution center for Japanese autos.

Hydroelectricity generated on the Columbia River has powered industry since World War II. Forests cover half the state, and the lumber and wood-products industries bring in some $3.3 billion annually. Fruits and vegetables grow in the Willamette Valley, and wheat grows east of the Cascades. Natural resources are managed carefully, and Oregon's land-use and recycling laws set standards for the nation.


  • Industry: Real estate, retail and wholesale trade, electronic equipment, health services, construction, forest products, business services
  • Agriculture: Nursery stock, hay, cattle, grass seed, wheat, dairy products, potatoes

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