Fast Facts

Population:
4,147,152
Capital:
Columbia; 117,394
Area:
32,020 square miles (82,932 square kilometers)
Per Capita Income:
U.S. $25,395
Date Statehood Achieved:
May 23, 1788
Illustration: South Carolina Flag

Before 1860, rice, indigo, and cotton cultivated by a large slave population enriched tidewater planters. Shattered by the Civil War, which raged from 1861-65, South Carolina came to depend on textile goods and tobacco. Historic Charleston and many nearby antebellum plantations evoke the Old South. Today, retirement communities and resorts such as Myrtle Beach and Hilton Head line the fast-developing seacoast.

ECONOMY

  • Industry: Service industries, tourism, chemicals, textiles, machinery, forest products
  • Agriculture: Poultry, tobacco, nursery stock, dairy products, cotton

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

Related Features

  • Picture of mansions along Battery Lane, Charleston, South Carolina

    Free Things to Do in Charleston

    Don’t be fooled by appearances—although grandiose architecture and a sense of old southern aristocracy abound in Charleston, South Carolina, this city plays host to many options that won’t cost you a penny.

  • Photo: Horse-drawn carriage passing house

    Family Trip: Charleston

    Take a trip to the coastal city of Charleston, famous for its history and Southern charm.

  • Photo: Woman walking, High Battery, South Carolina

    Low Country Road Trip

    Few regions in the United States pack in as much history, culture, and natural beauty as the Low Country.

Take a Nat Geo Trip

Select a destination or trip type to find a trip:

See All Trips »

Join Nat Geo Travel's Communities




Travel Photos From Your Shot

  • Picture of canoes on a dock in Alberta, Canada

    Your Canada Photos

    View scenes of Canada's city life and countryside—all taken by our Nat Geo photo community.

See More Your Shot Galleries »