Fast Facts

Columbia; 117,394
32,020 square miles (82,932 square kilometers)
Per Capita Income:
U.S. $25,395
Date Statehood Achieved:
May 23, 1788
Illustration: South Carolina Flag

Before 1860, rice, indigo, and cotton cultivated by a large slave population enriched tidewater planters. Shattered by the Civil War, which raged from 1861-65, South Carolina came to depend on textile goods and tobacco. Historic Charleston and many nearby antebellum plantations evoke the Old South. Today, retirement communities and resorts such as Myrtle Beach and Hilton Head line the fast-developing seacoast.


  • Industry: Service industries, tourism, chemicals, textiles, machinery, forest products
  • Agriculture: Poultry, tobacco, nursery stock, dairy products, cotton

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

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