Fast Facts

Population:
764,309
Capital:
Pierre; 14,012
Area:
77,117 square miles (199,731 square kilometers)
Per Capita Income:
U.S. $26,694
Date Statehood Achieved:
November 2, 1889
Illustration: South Dakota Flag

Ranchers raise cattle and sheep on the Great Plains west of the Missouri. East of the river farmers grow corn and other grains. Sioux Falls, with 130,491 people, is the state's largest city. The Black Hills, spiritual homeland of the Sioux, contain one of North America's largest gold mines, the Homestake. Rapid City, once the gateway to mining camps, now channels tourists to Mount Rushmore and Custer State Park, which protects a publicly owned herd of 1,500 buffalo.

ECONOMY

  • Industry: Finance, services, manufacturing, government, retail trade, transportation and utilities, wholesale trade, construction, mining
  • Agriculture: Cattle, corn, soybeans, wheat, hogs, hay, dairy products

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

Related Features

  • Photo: Yellow hills in Badlands National Park, South Dakota

    Black Hills Road Trip

    Let the stunning landscapes and abundant wildlife of South Dakota surprise your senses.

  • Photo: Prairie dogs and bison in Wind Cave National Park

    Wind Cave National Park

    Get Wind Cave information, facts, photos, and more in this Wind Cave National Park guide from National Geographic.

  • Photo: Storm clouds over cliffs and prairie

    Badlands National Park

    Get Badlands information, facts, photos, and more in this Badlands National Park guide from National Geographic.

Take a Nat Geo Trip

Select a destination or trip type to find a trip:

See All Trips »

Join Nat Geo Travel's Communities




Travel Photos From Your Shot

  • Picture of Petra, Jordan, at night with lighted lanterns

    Night Pictures

    See Captivating Photos of Our Days' EndSubmitted by Members of the Your Shot Community

See More Your Shot Galleries »

Sponsored Content

  • TimFrame-orig.jpg

    Photo Impact

    Watch as Nat Geo photographers reveal what drives them to create iconic images.