Fast Facts

Olympia; 43,519
71,300 square miles (184,665 square kilometers)
Per Capita Income:
U.S. $32,661
Date Statehood Achieved:
November 11, 1889
Illustration: Washington Flag

Western hemlock and Douglas fir support Washington's timber industry. The state is second in the nation for timber production, but the cutting of old-growth forests has caused much litigation between environmentalists and loggers. Snowmelt from the Cascade Range waters the Yakima Valley, where bumper apple crops grow. The harnessed Columbia River irrigates the Columbia Basin, an oasis of wheat, fruits, and vegetables.


  • Industry: Aerospace, tourism, food processing, forest products, paper products, industrial machinery, printing and publishing, metals
  • Agriculture: Seafood, apples, dairy products, wheat, cattle, potatoes, hay

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

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