Fast Facts

Madison; 215,211
65,498 square miles (169,639 square kilometers)
Per Capita Income:
U.S. $29,996
Date Statehood Achieved:
May 29, 1848
Illustration: Wisconsin Flag

Once home to more than a dozen Indian tribes, Wisconsin received an influx of Scandinavians, Germans, and other northern Europeans in the late 1800s. Today Wisconsin farmers rank second in the nation in the production of milk and butter, and first in cheese. More than 15,000 lakes, 47 state parks, and 13 forests stimulate tourism. In 1854 the Republican Party was born here.


  • Industry: Industrial machinery, paper products, food processing, metal products, electronic equipment, transportation
  • Agriculture: Dairy products, cattle, corn, poultry and eggs, soybeans

—Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition

Related Features

  • Photo: Minneapolis Orchestra Building, Wisconsin

    Mississippi River Road Trip

    Artistic offerings combined with small-town Americana make for the best of the Midwest.

  • 32498.jpg

    U.S. Midwest Quiz

    Do you know where to find yoopers, vigilantes, and the Father of Texas? Take the Midwest states quiz and test your cowboy smarts.

  • <p>Photo: Lichen-covered rocks and ocean</p>

    Isle Royale National Park

    Get Isle Royale information, facts, photos, and more in this Isle Royale National Park guide.

Take a Nat Geo Trip

Select a destination or trip type to find a trip:

See All Trips »

Join Nat Geo Travel's Communities

2015 Traveler Photo Contest

  • Picture of a tree under night stars in Deadvlei, Namibia

    See the Winners

    Explore the top photos, share your favorites, and browse all entries.